What are Dental Instruments?
Dental instruments are tools used by dentists and dental hygienists to perform a variety of dental procedures, such as cleaning teeth, removing cavities, extracting teeth, and performing root canals. Dental instruments include hand-held tools, such as probes, scalers, and curettes, as well as power instruments, such as dental drills and ultrasonic scalers. These instruments are designed to be precise and durable, allowing dentists to work efficiently and effectively while minimizing patient discomfort. Dental instruments are typically made of stainless steel, which is resistant to corrosion and can be sterilized to prevent the spread of infection.
Name of Some of Dental Instruments?
Here are the names of some common dental instruments:
- Mouth mirror
- Periodontal probe
- Dental drill
- Dental tweezers
- Dental forceps
- Dental elevator
- Amalgam carrier
- Composite placement instrument
- Crown and bridge scissors
- Impression tray
- Matrix band
- Rubber dam clamp
- Composite finishing bur
- Composite polishing kit.
Here are uses of these:
- Mouth mirror: used to view the mouth and teeth from different angles, aid in diagnosis and treatment planning, and guide placement of dental materials.
- Explorer: used to detect cavities, calculus deposits, and other irregularities on the tooth surface.
- Periodontal probe: used to measure the depth of periodontal pockets, assess gum health, and monitor gum disease progression.
- Scaler: used to remove tartar and plaque deposits from the tooth surface and below the gum line.
- Curette: used to remove diseased or damaged tissue from periodontal pockets and root surfaces.
- Dental drill: used to remove decayed or damaged tooth structure and prepare the tooth for filling or restoration.
- Excavator: used to remove decayed tooth structure and debris from cavities.
- Burnisher: used to smooth and polish dental restorations.
- Condenser: used to pack and condense filling material into a cavity preparation.
- Dental tweezers: used to grasp and manipulate small objects during dental procedures.
- Dental forceps: used to extract teeth.
- Dental elevator: used to loosen and elevate teeth before extraction.
- Amalgam carrier: used to place amalgam filling material into a cavity preparation.
- Composite placement instrument: used to place and shape composite filling material into a cavity preparation.
- Crown and bridge scissors: used to trim and shape temporary crowns and bridges.
- Impression tray: used to take an impression of the teeth and gums for fabrication of dental restorations.
- Matrix band: used to provide a temporary wall for filling material during placement of dental restorations.
- Rubber dam clamp: used to isolate the tooth or teeth being worked on from saliva and other oral fluids.
- Composite finishing bur: used to shape and contour composite filling material after placement.
- Composite polishing kit: used to polish composite filling material to a smooth and shiny finish.